First data taken by the 3.6-meter telescope detects unexpected kilonova emission from ‘a long-duration gamma-ray burst’

While tracing a burst of high-energy light detected on December 11, 2021, from the outskirts of the Milky Way located approximately 1 billion light-years away, astronomers have spotted the first astronomical event in which a long GRB has been accompanied by the unexpected discovery of a kilonova emission. Generally, kilonova are visible and infrared light associated with short-period gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) thought to be heat produced by the radioactive decay of heavier elements.

Photometric observations taken with the 3.6 m Devasthal Optical Telescope have provided vital information on the earliest phase of a kilonova ever detected, radically changing the understanding of scientists about the origin of GRBs.

GRBs are powerful astronomical cosmic bursts of high-energy gamma-ray. GRB emits more energy in a few seconds than our Sun will emit in its lifetime and has two distinct emission phases: the short-lived prompt emission (the initial burst phase that emits gamma-rays), followed by a long-lived multi-wavelength afterglow phase. The prompt emission (initial gamma-ray emission) of GRBs are automatically discovered by space-based gamma-ray missions such as NASA’s Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope, Neil Gehrels Swift Observatory, and India’s AstroSat. In recent years, scientists have discovered a special phenomenon called a kilonova of visible and infrared light with short-period GRBs, also known as a potential source of gravitational waves. It has been hypnotized that the heat produced by the radioactive decay of heavier elements may emit kilonova. This process also produces heavier elements, such as gold and platinum. However, observing kilonovas at near-infrared wavelengths is technically challenging, and only a few telescopes on Earth, including the 3.6-meter Devasthal Optical Telescope of the Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES), can detect kilonova and gravitational wave objects at these wavelengths upto faint limits.

The scientists from the ARIES, an autonomous institute of DST, used data from the  3.6 m Devasthal Optical Telescope of the Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES) along with other telescopes, including HST in studying the aftermath of the long GRB (GRB 211211A), detected by the NASA’s Neil Gehrels Swift Observatory and the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope on December 11, 2021. The high-energy outburst lasted about a minute, and follow-up observations taken from the 3.6-meter Devasthal Optical Telescope identified a kilonova.

The spectral energy distribution of GRB afterglow is usually explained in terms of non-thermal emission (due to synchrotron radiation). However, in this event, both thermal and non-thermal emissions were included in the spectral energy distribution of the afterglow, modeled using the magnificent and dim observations of the 3.6 m Devasthal Optical Telescope. After subtracting the afterglow contribution from the collected data taken using the 3.6 m telescope and 4Kx4K CCD IMAGER, the scientists, which include PI of the backend instrument Dr. Shashi Bhushan Pandey along with research students Rahul Gupta, Amar Aryan, Amit Kumar, and Dr. Kuntal Mishra found that the multiwavelength data could be well explained by additional thermal spectra and that this thermal emission could be explained in terms of kilonova emission.

“Several years ago, Neil Gehrels, an astrophysicist and namesake of Swift suggested that some long-duration GRBs may be produced by merging neutron stars. By GRB standards, this event was relatively nearby, allowing space and ground-based telescopes to capture the dim light of the kilonova. Kilonovae may also arise from more distant long GRBs, but we have not yet been able to see them through observations,” said Eleonora Troja, an astrophysicist at the University of Rome who led the team on the study.

 Dr. Shashi Bhushan Pandey and the team of Indian scientists involved in this work said that this discovery challenges our current understanding about the origin of GRBs and gives rise to new possibilities in this area of research. Professor Dipankar Banerjee, Director, ARIES, pointed out that future time-domain astronomy has a unique potential to make a lot of such discoveries using the 3.6 m Devasthal optical telescope.

In addition to the first data taken by the 3.6-meter telescope, this scientific discovery, published in the journal Nature, also used Hubble Space Telescope, Multicolor Imaging Telescopes for Survey and Monstrous Explosions, Color Alto Observatory, Devasthal Fast Optical Telescope, and many other spaces and ground-based telescopes. It will help in understanding the process of formation of heavy elements in the universe.

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For more details, please contact Dr. Shashi Bhushan Pandey,, mobile 9557470888.



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Producing Her First Feature Film Has Been an Adventure of a Lifetime, Says Sonia W Kohli: “I Would Definitely do It Again”

 Filmmaker Sonia W Kohli is a new name in the world of entertainment but her love for Bollywood is quite old which turned her into a filmmaker. After completing her first project, Bond-in Isolation under her production, “The Kunishka Productions Ltd” in April 2021, she immediately began writing her next story. She knew what she wanted. She wanted to create something that could provoke thought in society and leave a message for many and that’s when she started writing her next story called QAID.

Sonia says that QAID is a story that is inspired by true events. It’s based on an issue our LGBTQ friends and family members face in silence but audiences from all gender identities will be able to connect with it in many ways.

Talking about some of the challenges from development to production, she says that she used to start writing at night after putting her kids to sleep and sometimes she found herself writing till 2am in the morning. One of the biggest challenges she faced was finding the cast. She had to find Indian-looking actors who were based in London, could speak good Hindi, and could play a gay man. Actors would decline the role as soon as they heard it was an LGBT film. Regarding bringing the crew together, she says that she started assembling a team much earlier than the exact planned shooting period which was set for February 2022, so people would join but over time would leave for various reasons. She says that during production there were issues like train/tube strike, limited time on location and COVID infection towards the end of the shooting period, which left the production short of resources. She also had to keep a balance between being a filmmaker and a mother at the same time.

Despite all the challenges, which she says are too numerous to mention here, she is very proud of the efforts of everyone involved in the project and the fact that she was able to complete the film within the planned time frame. She is very passionate about this project and story and can’t wait to show it to the world. According to Sonia, it has been one of the many adventurous experiences in her life as she never imagined that she could produce something like this on such a scale. She says, “I could never have done it without the team that I had and I would definitely do it again.” While Kunishka Productions founder and MD already has the next story in development, her current film QAID is expected to release in 2023.

The Kunishka productions Ltd

Sonia W Kohli

0044 7861896962



  • Movies & Film

IFFI 53 presents the first feature film in Indian film history to have a star cast comprising only indigenous people

Ministry of Information & Broadcasting

azadi ka amrit mahotsav

IFFI 53 presents the first feature film in Indian film history to have a star cast comprising only indigenous people

Get inspired by ‘Dhabari Quruvi’, the tale of the rise of a tribal phoenix from the ashes

Posted On:
11 NOV 2022 7:26PM by PIB Mumbai

#IFFIWood, 11 November 2022

She rises from the ashes, to fearlessly proclaim the exclusive right she has on her body and the decisions involving it. Yes, you would not want to miss the chance to be inspired, by the elevating story of girls belonging to a tribal community in Kerala.

The fascinating story is brought to us by ‘Dhabari Quruvi‘, the first film in the history of Indian cinema to star only people from indigenous communities. Directed by National Award-winning filmmaker Priyanandan, the film also has the distinction of having been shot completely in the tribal language of Irula.

The film is being presented at the 53rd edition of the International Film Festival of India, which is set to open in Goa on 20th November, 2022. And yes, the 104-minute-long feature film is all set to have its world premiere in the Indian Panorama section of IFFI.

Portrayal of indigenous people in Indian cinema has often been criticised for its failure to look beyond stereotypes. Amidst a cinematic tradition and culture which may not have done justice to the true identity and culture of tribal peoples, Dhabari Quruvi is expected to stand out as a candle spreading founts of newfound hope and inspiration. Set against the background of tribal rituals and culture, the film invites viewers to join the tempestuous journey of a tribal girl as she battles convention and seeks to free herself from the chains with which society had tied her lot.

In Irula language, Dhabari Quruvi means ‘a sparrow with an unknown father’. The mythological bird, which is part of the tribal folklore, captures the untold tales of the unseen people who suffer quietly, who yearn to break the shackles of injustice, whose agonies and struggles the film seeks to bring to light.

So, who are the actors who bestow the film with the honour of having a unique star cast? They are around sixty people, belonging to Irula, Muduka, Kurumba and Vaduka tribal communities of Attappadi, a scheduled tribe hamlet of the southern Indian state of Kerala. Quite a few of them had not ever seen a film in their entire life.

The actors were selected from an acting workshop conducted at Attappadi in which around 150 people participated. Meenakshi, Shyamini, Anuprasobhini and Muruki play main roles in the film. The cast also includes Nanjiyamma, the tribal woman from Attappady who got the 68th National Film Award for Best Female Singer last year.

Dhabari Quruvi has bagged URF world record for being the only feature film starring only tribals. The film has also been selected to the International Film Festival of Kerala.

Producer: Ajith Vinayaka Films, Aevas Visual Magic Private Limited

Screenplay:  Priyanandanan, Kuppuswamy M, Smitha Sailesh, K.B. Hari and Lijo Panadan.

Cinematographer: Aswaghoshan

Editor: Ekalavyan

Don’t miss this unique film at IFFI 53. It is set to touch delegates’ hearts on November 24, 9.30 AM onwards, @ INOX Panjim Audi 2.

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PIB IFFI Cast & Crew | Bibin/Dheep/DR | IFFI – 14

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Hong Kong – CE officiates at first day of 2022 Honours and Awards Presentation Ceremony (with videos)

CE officiates at first day of 2022 Honours and Awards Presentation Ceremony (with videos)


     The 2022 Honours and Awards Presentation Ceremony is being held at the ballroom of Government House starting from today (November 5) for three consecutive days. The Chief Executive, Mr John Lee, presented honours and awards to 148 recipients on the first day of the Ceremony.

     Among the recipients, five received the Grand Bauhinia Medal, 25 received the Gold Bauhinia Star, 19 received the Silver Bauhinia Star, one received the Medal for Bravery (Silver), 11 received the Distinguished Service Medal for the disciplined services and the Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC), and 41 received the Bronze Bauhinia Star.

     In addition, 46 recipients received the Meritorious Service Medal for the disciplined services and the ICAC.

     The 2022 Honours List was announced on July 27 (

World’s First 80 year old Rap Star Ms. Peggy Spolar spits fire and will soon Spolarize the World

Ms. Peggy Spolar got props rhyming freestyle from industry professionals like OutKast, Master P, Lil Pippin, and members of the Dogg Pound. She was befriended by members of the Wu-Tang Clan, Nelly’s Camp, Don King’s Family, and the Jackson Family.

Philly Girl Rap Star Ms. Peggy Spolar

Philly Girl Rap Star Ms. Peggy Spolar

PHILADELPHIAOct. 21, 2022PRLog — Ms. Peggy Spolar caught the attention of one of Chris Brown’s music producers, “When I heard Ms. Peggy rap, it was flashing lights and sirens, her lyrics flowed effortlessly, I sat in awe, saying what just happened, never have I heard anyone like Ms.Peggy before” G.Y

They say legends are made, Ms. Peggy Spolar is a remarkable story, near 80 years young she is one of the most exciting Female MC’S on the planet, Her rap delivery is like rapid machine gun fire. You have to hear it to believe it, her lyrics are as deadly as cyanide,

tearing through weak MC’S and blazing a path to achieve her ultimate goal. Ms. Peggy possesses the swag and skills to motivate a nation.

Just like her namesake, her goal is to “Spolarize” the entire country, city by city touching everyone with her amazing talent as one of the best rappers that have been hidden in the shadows for decades. Just like fine wine, she has aged with time, and now the world is about to be Energized, Legally Loaded, and Spolarized. In order to fully understand how remarkable and skillful Ms.Peggy is. We have included some history on this remarkable rap icon. The insight is told in the words of the highly decorated Dr. Mark Steinhoff who is a remarkable story himself.

“Ms. Peggy is livin’ proof that comin’ from nothin’ doesn’t mean you can’t be something. She is an electrically energized woman who has sat at the table of some of the largest companies and law firms in the world. Ms. Peggy chilled on the set of American Bandstand as a young girl with Bill Haley’s Comets.

She gets respect from major players in the entertainment industry as a businesswoman on top of her game. She was befriended by members of the Wu-Tang Clan, Nelly’s Camp, Don King’s Family, both the Jackson and Motown Families and Easy Mo Bee; The list is endless. There’s one thing they all can agree on. Ms. Peggy is the “Spolarized Dope-A-Mean” fix for people to be able to “Stand to Their Feet as a Masterpiece” regardless of the shoes they’re in and rise above their obstacles. The urban community gives respect to this mother, grandmother, and great-grandmother rapper who has shown true grit by learning the streets and the corruption within the entertainment industry.”

For more information on Ms. Peggy Spolar