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Dementia refers to disease in which there is a gradual cognitive decline that negatively affects your intellectual and social skills such that even daily activities may become difficult. Dementia can affect memory, judgment and decision-making abilities in a person. It can also make the person feel disoriented in time and space, gradually affecting his/her personality. Since dementia is a progressive disease, the symptoms gradually worsen as an increasing number of brain cells are damaged.
All Memory Loss is not Dementia
If your elderly loved one is having trouble remembering things, it does not always mean dementia. This could be due to several other factors. Consult a doctor to know why your loved one is experiencing memory issues and how it can be treated.

Dementia is more than just memory loss. Common symptoms of various forms of dementia include:

• memory loss, especially recent events, such as forgetting messages, remembering names, and asking the same questions over and over again
• increasing difficulties with tasks that require planning
• confusion in unfamiliar environments
• difficulty finding the right words or numbers
• difficulty handling money
• mood swings and changes in personality
• depression
Dementia Care Techniques
While researchers are still trying to discover what works in dementia care, here are a few things you can do to take care of a loved one suffering from this disease.
Encourage Independence
Allowing the person to maintain independence for as long as possible with positive reinforcement is extremely important. This can be achieved with graded assistance. Graded assistance refers to helping someone accomplish a task with the least amount of aid possible, using a wide range of assistance – verbal prompts, physical demonstration, physical guidance, partial physical assistance and complete physical assistance.

Professional caregivers, trained in dementia care, can assist your loved one in carrying out activities of daily living. They can also offer companionship that can be extremely beneficial in helping seniors maintain a daily routine with some degree of independence and also for elders who are battling loneliness and depression.
Music has shown to be effective in soothing and reducing problem behaviors, such as agitation. Remember that the music should be something that the patient prefers, not what the caregiver considers necessary. Playing the person’s favorite music can prove effective in dementia therapy.
Using pets in therapy has shown to help in focusing on cognitive skills and social activities.

If you are looking for the best dementia care, physical therapy, occupational therapy and wound care treatment in San Antonio, call Home Nursing and Therapy Services at 210.822.8807 Today. With a mission to be the highest quality San Antonio primary home care agency, HNTS offers caregivers for multiple needs and ensure you and your loved ones lead a healthy and meaningful life through our nursing and therapy services.