Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) – Quarterly Bulletin [January-March 2022]


A.         Introduction




Considering the importance of availability of labour force data at more frequent time intervals, National Statistical Office (NSO) launched Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) in April 2017.


The objective of PLFS is primarily twofold:




  • to estimate the key employment and unemployment indicators (viz. Worker Population Ratio, Labour Force Participation Rate, Unemployment Rate) in the short time interval of three months for the urban areas only in the ‘Current Weekly Status’ (CWS).
  • to estimate employment and unemployment indicators in both ‘Usual Status’ (ps+ss) and CWS in both rural and urban areas annually.


On the basis of the data collected in PLFS, four Annual Reports of PLFS corresponding to the periods July 2017 – June 2018, July 2018 – June 2019, July 2019 – June 2020 and July 2020- June 2021 covering both rural and urban areas giving estimates of all important parameters of employment and unemployment in both usual status (ps+ss) and current weekly status (CWS) have been released.


Besides these Annual Reports, thirteen Quarterly Bulletins of PLFS corresponding to the quarter ending December 2018 to quarter ending December 2021have already been released. In these quarterly bulletins estimates of labour force indicators, viz., Worker population ratio (WPR), Labour Force Participation Rate (LFPR), Unemployment Rate (UR), distribution of workers by broad status in employment and industry of work in the Current Weekly Status (CWS) for urban areas have been presented.




The present Quarterly Bulletin is the fourteenth in the series for the quarter January- March2022.




PLFS fieldwork during COVID-19 pandemic


During the major waves of COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 and 2021, the field work was suspended in most parts of the country for short durations each time as per local situations, and was subsequently resumed with COVID-19 related restrictions. This, therefore, had a spill-over effect in completion of pending field work during subsequent Quarters. However, with extra efforts by the field staff, the pendency of field work could be gradually reduced. In cases, where field work of canvassing the Schedules in respect of the pending samples were undertaken later, the information was collected with respect to the actual  reference period  which would have been adopted had there been no pandemic. Thus, there was no break in the flow of information collected for any Quarter except that informants were approached at a later date due to the unavoidable situation. The field work for collection of information in respect of the FSUs allotted for the Quarter January – March, 2022 was completed by 04.04.2022 for the first visit samples and by 31.03.2022 for revisit samples.




A rotational panel sampling design has been used in urban areas. In this rotational panel scheme, each selected household in urban areas is visited four times, in the beginning with ‘First Visit Schedule’ and thrice periodically later with a ‘Revisit Schedule’. The scheme of rotation ensures that 75% of the first-stage sampling units (FSUs) are matched between two consecutive visits.








At the all-India level, in the urban areas, a total number of 5,714 FSUs (UFS blocks) have been surveyed during the quarter January – March 2022. The number of urban households surveyed was 44,778 and number of persons surveyed was 1,73,091 in urban areas.




  1. Conceptual Framework of Key Employment and Unemployment Indicators for the Quarterly Bulletin: The Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) gives estimates of Key employment and unemployment Indicators like the Labour Force Participation Rate (LFPR), Worker Population Ratio (WPR), Unemployment Rate (UR), etc. These indicators, and ‘Current Weekly Status’ are defined as follows:




  1. Labour Force Participation Rate (LFPR): LFPR is defined as the percentage of persons in labour force (i.e. working or seeking or available for work) in the population.




  1. Worker Population Ratio (WPR): WPR is defined as the percentage of employed persons in the population.




  1. Unemployment Rate (UR): UR is defined as the percentage of persons unemployed among the persons in the labour force.




  1. Current Weekly Status (CWS): The activity status determined on the basis of a reference period of last 7 days preceding the date of survey is known as the current weekly status (CWS) of the person.




  1. The Quarterly Bulletin for the quarter January – March 2022is available at the website of the Ministry (https://mospi.gov.in). The key results are given in the statements annexed.




Annexure


















Statement 1:  LFPR (in per cent) in CWS in urban areas for persons of age 15 years and above


all‑India

NSS survey period

Male

Female

Person

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

January – March 2021

73.5

21.2

47.5

April – June 2021

73.1

20.1

46.8

July – September 2021

73.5

19.9

46.9

October – December 2021

73.9

20.2

47.3

January – March 2022

73.4

20.4

47.3














Statement 2WPR (in per cent) in CWS in urban areas for persons of age 15 years and above


all‑India

NSS survey period

Male

Female

Person

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

January – March 2021

67.2

18.7

43.1

April – June 2021

64.2

17.2

40.9

July – September 2021

66.6

17.6

42.3

October – December 2021

67.8

18.1

43.2

January – March 2022

67.7

18.3

43.4
















Statement 3UR (in per cent) in CWS in urban areas for persons of age 15 years and above


all‑India

NSS survey period

Male

Female

Person

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

January – March 2021

8.6

11.8

9.3

April – June 2021

12.2

14.3

12.6

July – September 2021

9.3

11.6

9.8

October – December 2021

8.3

10.5

8.7

January – March 2022

7.7

10.1

8.2




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DS/VJ






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Hong Kong – Labour Department investigates fatal work accident in Yau Ma Tei

Labour Department investigates fatal work accident in Yau Ma Tei

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     The Labour Department (LD) is investigating a fatal work accident that happened in Yau Ma Tei this morning (May 7) in which a man died.



     The LD immediately deployed staff to the scene upon receiving a report of the accident, and is now conducting an investigation to look into its cause.

Hong Kong – Labour Department highly concerned about fatal work accident that happened today

Labour Department highly concerned about fatal work accident that happened today

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     The Labour Department (LD) is highly concerned about a fatal work accident that happened at a villa in Tai Po this afternoon (April 27), in which while two male workers were erecting a bamboo scaffold at the external wall of the villa, the scaffold suddenly collapsed. The two workers fell onto the ground from height. One of them died and the other was injured. The LD is saddened by the death and injury of the worker in the accident and expresses its deepest sympathy to the deceased’s family and wishes the injured worker a speedy recovery. 



     The LD’s spokesman said, “We commenced an immediate on-site investigation as soon as we were notified of the accident and issued suspension notices to the contractors concerned, suspending the erection, alteration, dismantling and use of bamboo scaffolds at external walls of the villa. The contractors cannot resume the work process until the LD is satisfied that measures to abate the relevant risks have been taken.”

 

     The spokesman added, “We will complete the investigation as soon as possible to identify the cause of the accident, ascertain the liability of the duty holders and recommend improvement measures. We will take actions pursuant to the law if there is any violation of the work safety legislation.”        

 

     The general duty provisions of the Factories and Industrial Undertakings Ordinance require employers to provide safe working environments, plant and systems of work for their employees. Those who contravene the above provisions are liable to a maximum fine of $500,000 and imprisonment for six months.        

 

     In regard to today’s accident, the LD will issue a Work Safety Alert through its website and email, giving a brief account of the accident concerned to duty holders, workers’ unions, professional bodies of safety practitioners and others, and reminding the industry of the importance of following safety precautionary measures to prevent a recurrence of similar accidents.        

 

     The LD will also remind the employer concerned of the liability for employees’ compensation under the Employees’ Compensation Ordinance, assist family members of the deceased to claim employees’ compensation and closely follow up on the case. For those with financial difficulties, the LD will assist them to apply for appropriate emergency funds. Subject to the needs and wishes of family members of the deceased, the LD will also liaise with the Social Welfare Department for financial or other assistance.        

 

     For the sake of securing the safety and health of employees at work, the LD appeals to employers to provide plant and systems of work that are safe and without risks to health. Employees should co-operate with their employers, adopt all safety measures and properly use personal protective equipment provided to avoid endangering their own work safety and that of other workers.

Labour Minister Shri Bhupendra Yadav releases Book titled ‘Role of Labour in India’s Development’


Union Minister for Labour and Employment & Environment, Forest and Climate Change Shri Bhupender Yadav released a book titled ‘Role of Labour in India’s Development’, on 9th March, 2022 at New Delhi. The Book contains 12 articles written by eminent academicians and practitioners on the contribution of labour in India’s development journey.


As a part of the ‘Iconic Week’ of the ‘Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav’, celebrating 75th year of India’s Independence, the V V Giri National Labour Institute has published this book.



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BY/IG




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Union Labour Minister Shri Bhupendra Yadav lauds EPFO and ESIC for running a special campaign for women on International Women’s Day


On the International Women’s Day, coinciding with the Iconic week of Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav, two key constituents of the Ministry of Labour and Employment Labour EPFO and ESIC along with DGMS ran a series of women-friendly measures including steps to process all claims of women, and a first of its kind “Women’s Empowerment Desks” to cater to women stakeholders for one-stop service delivery.


A function was jointly organized by EPFO, ESIC & DGMS on the theme “value and empower the women workforce” yesterday here , attended by Shri Bhupendra Yadav, Minister for Labour & Employment, Shri Rameswar Teli, Minister of State for Labour & Employment, Shri Sunil Barthwal, Secretary, Ministry of Labour & Employment, Smt. Neelam Shami Rao, Central Provident Fund Commissioner, Shri M.S Bhatia, DG ESIC and others.


Speaking at the occasion Shri Bhupendra Yadav lauded the unique initiatives taken by EPFO and ESIC two of the key constituents of Labour Ministry who are citizen-centric faces of the Government. He said, “While EPFO symbolizes Trust, ESIC compliments through Services”. Elaborating further he appreciated the unique services planned to celebrate women’s day namely clearing of all women claims in EPFO and ESIC. He added that the Government of India is committed to not only ensuring equality at the workplace and not only to choose a work but also the freedom to choose the right work, and equal freedom to secure health. Sunil Bharthwal Labour Secretary in his address said that the larger goal of the Government is to ensure that Women’s Participation in the workplace is in proportion to their population.


As a part of Azadi ka Amrit Utsav, EPFO has been targeting 75 lakh e-nominations and especially for women’s day, it has run a campaign to get the women workforce to file their e nominations. EPFO crossed its target by reaching a figure of 92 lakhs. Of these 70 lakhs chose women as their nominees thus empowering spouses, daughters, mothers.


The special week-long drive was also attempted to accelerate the e-nominations of women members joining hands with the establishments and proactively reaching out to them through special camps by the field offices of EPFO. Responding to the call 10415 establishments reported 100% e-nominations of their female workforce. In total 7 lakh e-nominations were filed by women members, from just the top 100 establishments in the country.


Chennai Zone received and processed a maximum number of claims and EPFO RO Coimbatore processed the maximum such claims. Of 7 lakh such e-nominations, Telangana Zone accounted for 44%. EPFO Nizamabad, a constituent office of Telangana Zone and primarily serving Beedi establishments accounted for 39% of all such e-nominations filed. These offices received a special recognition award.


In yet another campaign, it targeted the processing of all women claims as of 5th March 2022. This initiative ending March settled 144069 women claims for a total amount of about Rs 638 crores in a week-long exercise. Last year in 2021, EPFO had conducted a pilot of settling all claims of its female subscribers in one of its Delhi offices. This now has been replicated across all offices in India by EPFO to symbolically celebrate Women’s Day 2022 as an empowerment display of priority services.


EPFO Noida bagged the award of being instrumental in toping total e nominations filed in all the three categories of small, medium and large establishments separately. The small category defined establishment subscriber’s strength between 100-200, a medium between 201-200 the large ones as 500 or more subscribers. Two establishments namely Manpower Group Services Pvt of Delhi Ltd and M/s Uflex Pvt. Ltd of Noida being amongst the top 75 establishments in the country to file maximum number of e-nominations received awards on behalf of all 75 establishments. All 75 such leading establishments get a special citation.


The Minister virtually launched a “Women’s Empowerment Desks” in Chennai, Bengaluru, Kolkata, Delhi and Mumbai as the first Women Empowerment Desk to cater to all women stakeholder interactions with EPFO today. 


The Minister also distributed recognition awards to 03 Women Corona Warriors from ESIC namely Dr. Jayashree Shiv Kumar Bhale, Andhra Pradesh, Mrs. Uma Gopinath, Medical Officer KK Nagar Mrs Meenakshi Paramedical Staff all of ESIC hospitals. He also felicitated 04 first time employed women mine-workers in India namely Aruna Narayan Sankatala and Bipasha Biswas of Opencast mines and Sandhya Rasakatla along with Yogeshwari Rane from underground mines.




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RKJ/IG




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