Promotion of technical education


Government endeavoured promotion of technical education across the country by establishing various Institutes of National Importance that includes 23 Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), 25 India Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs), 31 National Institutes of Technology (NITs), 1 Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology (IIEST), Shibpur, 1 Indian Institute of Science (IISc, Bengaluru), 4 National Institute of Technical Teachers Training and Research (NITTTRs) ,7 Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research (IISERs) etc.


For ensuring high standards of teaching in professional technical education, All India Council of Technical Education (AICTE) has been established by the Government as a statutory autonomous body for regulating and guiding the engineering colleges /technical institutes in Government and Private Sphere.  To enhance the level of professional technical education in the country, AICTE is implementing a number of initiatives such as (i) preparation of  outcome based model curriculum and mandatory internship (ii) exam reforms to assess the learning outcomes (iii) perspective plan to encourage new and emerging fields with high employment potential (iv) teachers training for enhancing core skills (v) industry readiness cell in each institute and mandatory signing of at least five (5) MoUs with Industry (vi) accreditation of courses to improve quality education (vii) start-up initiatives (viii) Smart India Hackathon to encourage innovations (ix) mandatory induction programme for students / career counselling etc.


Further, various schemes such as Prime Minister Research Fellowship (PMRF), Uchchatar Avishkar Yojana (UAY), Start-up India Initiative for Higher Education Institutions (SIIHEI), Impacting Research Innovation and Technology (IMPRINT), Impactful Policy Research in Social Science (IMPRESS), Scheme for Trans-Disciplinary Research for India’s Developing Economy (STRIDE), Global Initiative of Academic Network (GIAN), Scheme for promotion of Research and Academic Collaboration (SPARC), National Initiative for Design Innovation (NIDI), Scheme for Transformational and Advanced Research in Sciences (STARS) etc. are implemented in the Ministry of Education for promotion of technical education and research ecosystem in Higher Education Institutes.


The information was given by the Minister of State for Education, Dr. Subhas Sarkar in a written reply in the Rajya Sabha today.


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Promotion of Inland Water Transport


The details of cargo traffic movement through operational national waterways collected from State Government Inland Water Transport (IWT) Departments/ Maritime Boards by Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) was recorded as 83.61 Million Metric Tonne (MMT) during FY- 2020-21 (Annex – 1.). A quantity of 96.31 MMT cargo traffic movement has been recorded till 28.02.2022 during FY-2021-22 (Annex-2). As per Maritime India Vision (MIV) 2030 document, cargo movement on National Waterways is targeted as 200 MMT by 2030. However, the data pertaining to movement of passengers on the existing waterways is not maintained by IWAI.


Steps taken by the Government to improve the existing waterways to promote Inland Water Transport(IWT) in the country are detailed at Annex-3.




Annex-1


Statement of Cargo/Traffic movement for the Year 2020-21:

































State/UT

National Waterways

Apr-2020 to Mar-2021 (Metric Tonnes)

U.P., Bihar, Jharkhand, W. Bengal

NW-1 (Ganga-Bhagirathi-Hooghly River System (Haldia-Allahabad))

92,06,984

Assam

NW-2 (Brahmaputra River (Dhubri-Sadiya))

3,07,191

Kerala

NW-3 (West Coast Canal)

7,33,977

A.P.

NW-4 (Krishna Godavari River Systems)

68,31,824


Sub Total (National Waterways 1-4)

1,70,79,976













Maharashtra

NW-10 (Amba River)

1,76,85,737

NW-83 (Rajpuri Creek)

2,05,567

NW-85 (Revadanda Creek-Kundalika River System)

10,83,701

NW-91 (Shastri River – Jaigad Creek System)

92,34,983


TOTAL

2,82,09,988



Goa

NW-68 (Mandovi River)

39,96,431

NW-111 (Zuari River)

44,64,662


TOTAL

84,61,093



Gujarat

NW-73 (Narmada River)

82,311

NW-100 (Tapi River)

2,56,29,554


TOTAL

2,57,11,865

Assam

NW-16 (Barak River)

1,032

W. Bengal

NW-44 (Ichamati River)

2,80,353

Bihar

NW-94 (Sone River)


W. Bengal

NW-97 (Sunderbans Waterway)

38,61,439

W. Bengal

NW-86 (Rupnarayan River)

1,443


Grand Total Metric Tonnes

8,36,07,189


Grand Total Million Metric Tonnes

83.61






Annex-2


Statement of Cargo/Traffic movement from Apr 2021 till Feb 2022

































State/UT

National Waterways

Apr-2021 to Feb-2022 (Metric Tonnes)

U.P., Bihar, Jharkhand, W. Bengal

NW-1 (Ganga-Bhagirathi-Hooghly River System (Haldia-Allahabad))

90,69,963

Assam

NW-2 (Brahmaputra River (Dhubri-Sadiya))

3,66,149

Kerala

NW-3 (West Coast Canal)

15,39,367

A.P.

NW-4 (Krishna Godavari River Systems)

1,04,24,788

Odisha

NW-5 (East Coast Canal And Matai River/Brahmani-Kharsua-Dhamra Rivers/Mahanadi Delta Rivers)

14,538


Sub Total (National Waterways 1-5)

2,14,14,805



Maharashtra

NW-10 (Amba River)

1,77,05,018

NW-83 (Rajpuri Creek)

1,70,400

NW-85 (Revadanda Creek-Kundalika River System)

6,07,473

NW-91 (Shastri River – Jaigad Creek System)

1,99,19,128


TOTAL Maharashtra Waterways

3,84,02,019



Goa

NW-68 (Mandovi River)

19,30,541

NW-111 (Zuari River)

17,84,562


TOTAL Goa Waterways

37,15,103



Gujarat

NW-73 (Narmada River)

36,399

NW-100 (Tapi River)

2,65,41,098


TOTAL Gujarat Waterways

2,65,77,497

Assam

NW-16 (Barak River)

4,981

W. Bengal

NW-44 (Ichamati River)

7,14,760

Bihar

NW-94 (Sone River)


W. Bengal

NW-97 (Sunderbans Waterway)

54,69,785

Odisha

NW-64 (Mahanadi River)

14,538

W. Bengal

NW-86 (Rupnarayan River)

616


Grand Total Metric Tonnes (MT)

9,63,14,104


Grand Total Million Metric Tonnes (MMT)

96.31




Annex-3


Steps taken for growth of cargo transportation on waterways


1. INITIATIVES FOR GROWTH OF TRAFFIC ON NATIONAL WATERWAYS: 


i. Fairway development works: Fairway development works to ensure Least Available Depth (LAD) of 3.0 meter in Haldia-Barh, 2.5 meter in Barh-Ghazipur and 2.2 meter in Ghazipur-Varanasi stretches on NW-1 are in progress under the Jal Marg Vikas Project (JMVP) which has been undertaken by IWAI with technical and financial assistance from World Bank. Similarly, to improve the connectivity between NW-1 and NW-2/NW-16 via the Indo Bangladesh protocol route, the critical and shallow stretches between Sirajganj and Daikhowa on protocol route No1 & 2 and Ashuganj and Zakiganj on protocol rote no 3 &4 in Bangladesh are being jointly developed by India and Bangladesh for round the year navigability (with targeted LAD of 2.5 mtrs). Similarly, fairway development works are being carried out on NW-97 in Sunderbans to allow smooth navigation of vessels on the Indo-Bangladesh Protocol Route. Comprehensive development of National Waterway-2 has been undertaken by IWAI under a Project approved by the Government at the cost of Rs.  461 Cr.. The project includes maintenance dredging besides construction of a Multi Modal Terminal at Jogighopa, alternative road connectivity to Pandu Port, ship repair facility at Pandu, fairway development, O&M of navigational aids, O&M of fixed & floating terminals, O&M of vessels, consultancy trailing, maintenance of e-portal etc.


ii. Development of New National Waterways-IWAI has identified 26 new NWs through techno-economic feasibility studies for undertaking technical interventions to make the waterways navigable for transportation purpose.


iii. Ro-Ro/Ro-Pax Service Commenced in Various National Waterways– The Operation of Ro-Ro / Ro-Pax vessels inaugurated by Hon’ble Prime Minster during February 2021 for the following routes:











Vessel Name

Ro-Ro/Ro-Pax Service between

Date of Inauguration by Hon’ble Prime Minister

MV Rani Gaidinliu & MV


Sachin Dev Barman

Neamati and Kamalabari(Majuli)

18.02.2021

MV JFR Jacob

Guwahati and North Guwahati

18.02.2021

MV Bob Khathing

Dhubri and Fakirganj (U/S Hatsingimari)

18.02.2021

MV Adi Shankara & MV


C.V. Raman

Wellingdon Island and Bolghaty

14.02.2021




iv. Revision of Levy & Collection of Fees: Taking ahead the vision of the Government of India to promote Inland Waterways as a supplementary mode of transport, the Ministry of Ports, Shipping and Waterways has waived waterway user charges initially for a period of three years.


2. DIGITAL SOLUTIONS FOR EASE-OF-DOING BUSINESS: 


· CAR-D (Cargo Data) Portal: CAR-D is a web based portal for collection & compilation, analysis and dissemination of all cargo and cruise movement data of National Waterways to the stakeholders.


· PANI (Portal for Asset & Navigation Information): PANI is an integrated solution brining river navigation and infrastructure information on a single platform. It provides detailed information of various features of National Waterways and the assets such as fairway, infrastructure facilities, cross-river structures, connectivity at jetties, emergency services for facilitating transportation of cargo.            


3. Enhanced regional trade using IWT mode:


a. Addition of new Ports of Call and routes in India and Bangladesh under PIWT&T: With 7 new ports of call in addition to existing 6 on each side along with addition/  extension  of  2  waterway  routes  in  addition  to  existing  8  routes  under PIWT&T between India and Bangladesh, the accessibility of IWT mode for trade between India and Bangladesh is expected to increase and result in growth of traffic on NWs.


b. Trade between Bhutan and Bangladesh: Stone exporters from Bhutan have identified Inland waterways as an alternate mode of transportation considering the benefits associated with waterways mode such as lower transportation cost, larger shipment size compared to road, avoiding congestion on land routes etc. The first movement under supervision of IWAI was successfully executed in July 2019.  This trade using the IWT mode is expected to continue and reach a significant scale in the coming years.


4. Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) for facilitating the Stakeholders to use Inland Water Transport and access the various information related to National Waterways: The list of Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) for various National Waterways which are available at IWAI website is as given below:


i. Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) of the Agreement on the use of Chattogram and Mongla Ports for movement of goods to and from India between the Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh and the Government of Republic of India.


ii. Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) of MoU on Passenger and Cruise Services on the Coastal and Protocol Route between the Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh and the Government of Republic of India.


iii. Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) for the MoU on use of Inland Waterways for Transportation of Bilateral Trade and Transit cargoes between the Government of People’s Republic of Bangladesh and the Government of Republic of India.


iv. Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) for the Movement of Vessels on Protocol on Inland Water Transit and Trade (PIWT&T) to contain the spread of COVID19.


v. Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) and Check List for Ro-Ro / Ro-Pax vessel operations on National Waterways.


vi. Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) for Car-D Portal.


5. Stakeholder consultations: IWAI carried out stakeholder consultations at six different locations (Kolkata, Kochi, Mumbai, Patna, Goa and Dhaka) in FY-20 and 9 conference-cum-webinars during FY-21. These interactions helped in promoting waterways as a mode of transportation and understanding expectations and feedback of stakeholders. IWAI is undertaking targeted initiatives to address the expectation and feedback received to further enhance traffic on NWs.


This information was given by the Union Minister for Ports, Shipping and Waterways, Shri Sarbananda Sonowal in a written reply to the Lok Sabha.


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Promotion of Agricultural Mechanization for In-Situ Management of Crop Residue


The Central Sector Scheme on ‘Promotion of Agricultural Mechanization for In-Situ Management of Crop Residue in the States of Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and NCT of Delhi’ is being implemented through the State Governments. Based on the information furnished by the State Governments, the State-wise details of number of Custom Hiring Centres established, number of crop residue management machines distributed, quantity of crop residue and area managed through machinery are enclosed in Annexure-I. The district-wise quantity of crop residue managed through machinery in the State of Punjab is enclosed as Annexure-II and the average operational cost of the machines identified for crop residue management is enclosed as Annexure-III


                                                                                                                                                Annexure-I


Number of CHCs established, number of crop residue management machines distributed, quantity of crop residue and area managed during 2019-20 to 2021-22.











State

Number of


CHCs


established

Number of crop residue management machines distributed

Quantity of


crop residue managed


(Lakh Tonne)

Area of land over


which crop residue management


adopted


(lakh Hectare)

Punjab

18924

63654

92.20

14.21

Haryana

5581

62150

28.00

7.00

Uttar Pradesh

4702

31905

19.98

7.49

NCT of Delhi


202

0.060




                                                                                                               Annexure-II


District-wise quantity of crop-residue managed through machinery in the State of Punjab during 2021-22





























S.No.

Districts of Punjab

Quantity of crop-residue managed through machinery


(Lakh tonnes)

1.

Amritsar

4.80

2.

Barnala

2.80

3.

Bathinda

6.00

4.

Faridkot

2.60

5.

Fatehgarh Sahib

2.70

6.

Fazilka

4.90

7.

Firozpur

3.40

8.

Gurdaspur

5.30

9.

Hoshiarpur

3.30

10.

Jalandhar

5.30

11.

Kapurthala

3.00

12.

Ludhiana

7.30

13.

Malerkotla

1.50

14.

Mansa

4.40

15.

Moga

4.90

16.

Muktsar

6.40

17.

Pathankot

1.60

18.

Patiala

5.50

19.

Rupnagar

1.90

20.

Sangrur

5.50

21.

SAS Nagar

1.30

22.

Nawashahr

2.70

23

Tarn Taran

5.10


Total

92.2




                                                                                         Annexure-III


Estimated average operational Cost of machines














Name of the major machines identified for crop residue management

Estimated average operational Cost of


machine (Rs./ha)

Super SMS with Combine Harvester

4100

Happy Seeder

3778

Super Seeder

5822

Paddy Straw Chopper

2967

Reversible Mould Board Plough

3855

Rotavator

2712

Baler &Rake

3783

Crop Reaper Binder

1300

Zero Till Drill

1550




This information was given by Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Shri Narendra Singh Tomar in a written reply in Rajya Sabha today.




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Promotion of Fishing Industry


The Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying is implementing a flagship scheme “Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY)- A scheme to bring about Blue Revolution through sustainable and responsible development of fisheries sector in India” with highest ever investment of Rs. 20,050 crore for a period of five years with effect from the financial year 2020-21 to 2024-25 in all States/Union Territories(UTs). PMMSY is designed to address critical gaps in fish production and productivity, quality, technology, post-harvest infrastructure and management, modernisation and strengthening of value chain, traceability, establishing a robust fisheries management framework and fishers’ welfare.


The PMMSY inter-alia provides financial assistance for development of inland fisheries and aquaculture, development of marine fisheries including mariculture and seaweed cultivation, development of fisheries in North-eastern and Himalayan States/UTs, development of ornamental and recreational fisheries, technology infusion, post harvest and cold chain infrastructure, markets and marketing infrastructure, development of deep sea fishing, aquatic health management, strengthening of safety and security of fishermen etc. in all the States/UTs. The state-wise details of cumulative proposals approved and funds released during 2020-21 and current financial year (till date) under Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana is furnished at Annexure-I.


Besides, in order to address the infrastructure requirement for fisheries sector, the Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying during 2018-19 has created dedicated fund namely Fisheries and Aquaculture Infrastructure Development Fund (FIDF) with a total funds size of Rs. 7522.48 crore. FIDF provides concessional finance to the Eligible Entities (EEs), including State Governments/Union Territories and State entities for development of identified fisheries infrastructure facilities through Nodal Loaning Entities (NLEs) namely (i) National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD), (ii) National Cooperatives Development Corporation (NCDC) and (iii) All scheduled Banks. Under the FIDF, the Department of Fisheries provides interest subvention up to 3% per annum on the loans availed by the eligible entities from the Nodal Loaning Entities (NLEs) for the identified fisheries projects.

















































(Rs. In lakh)

S. N

State/UT/Institutes

Cumulative                                proposals approved during 2020-21 and


2021-22 (till date)

Cumulative funds Released during 2020-21 and 2021-22


(till date)

1

A & N Islands

3005.55

709.30

2

Andhra Pradesh

65710.70

11560.39

3

Arunachal Pradesh

1864.20

790.61

4

Assam

20393.10

7727.99

5

Bihar

27461.80

4240.27

6

Chhattisgarh

26207.00

4756.32

7

Daman & Diu

645.60

186.10

8

Delhi

386.25

144.30

9

Goa

4200.20

623.59

10

Gujarat

37789.19

5698.55

11

Haryana

6306.50

1807.56

12

Himachal Pradesh

4434.57

1578.35

13

Jammu & Kashmir

3392.49

5333.56

14

Jharkhand

22549.90

2661.91

15

Karnataka

39519.44

11390.66

16

Kerala

19583.02

5162.99

17

Lakshadweep

4040.58

1442.92

18

Madhya Pradesh

32372.94

7259.14

19

Maharashtra

39687.40

5872.67

20

Manipur

2633.00

1097.97

21

Meghalaya

2145.01

790.65

22

Mizoram

3663.88

1202.35

23

Nagaland

2686.70

822.52

24

Odisha

44155.10

9963.98

25

Pondicherry

3510.52

1003.10

26

Punjab

4582.00

567.84

27

Rajasthan

1603.70

323.17

28

Sikkim

1206.16

336.58

29

Tamil Nadu

14823.65

4581.06

30

Telangana

14720.60

2105.59

31

Tripura

7272.00

1965.06

32

Uttar Pradesh

53226.20

8054.87

33

Uttarakhand

4310.60

1830.01

34

West Bengal

0.00

0.00

35

Ladakh

149.60

49.80

36

CS proposals and


others

13455.13

8751.64


Total

533696.00

122396.55




This information was given by Minister for Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying Shri Parshottam Rupala in the Lok Sabha in a written reply today.


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Promotion of Agro-Forestry


Sub-Mission on Agroforestry Scheme is being implemented by this Department since 2016-17 to encourage tree plantation on farm land in a complementary and integrated manner with crops and livestock, to help the farmers to get additional income and make their farming systems more climate resilient and adaptive.


Presently, the scheme is being implemented in 21 States viz. Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh, Mizoram, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland and 2 UTs viz. Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh.The extant scheme is being implemented in those States/UTs that have liberalized felling and transit regulations for selected tree species. Other States/UTs can access the benefit of the scheme as and when such relaxation is notified by them.All the farmers  specially small marginal farmers are eligible for the benefit of the scheme.


 Assistance to farmers for various interventions under the scheme is as following:

















Sl No.

Component/Activities/Sub Component

Cost Norms


( Rs in lakh)

Pattern of Assistance

1.      Nursery Development



100% for Government Agencies and 50% for farmers/private agencies.

(a)

Small Nurseries

Rs 10 lakh per nursery

(b)

Big Nurseries

Rs 16 lakh per nursery

(c)

Hi –Tech  Nurseries

Rs 40 lakh per nursery

2.

Peripheral/Boundary Plantation

Rs.70 /plant

100% for Government Agencies and 50% for farmers/private agencies in four years in the ratio of 40:20:20:20

3.

Low Density Plantation (100-500 Ha)

Rs 28,000/Ha

4.       High Density Block Plantation

(a)

500   to 1000 plants/Ha

Rs 30,000/Ha

(b)

1000   to 1200 plants/Ha

Rs 35,000/Ha

(c)

1200   to 1500 plants/Ha

Rs 45,000/Ha

(d)

> 1500 plants/Ha

Rs 50,000/Ha

5.

Capacity Building and Training

Upto 5% of total allocation to the States




The Agro-forestry scheme envisages a lot of quantifiable benefits like additional income, protection from crop damage, higher carbon sequestration along with climate change adaptation and mitigation.


This information was given in a written reply by the Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Shri Narendra Singh Tomar in Lok Sabha.


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