Vulnerable communities face a higher risk of socio-economic injustice due to flood hazards

Traditionally-recognized socially vulnerable groups in Canada bear a disproportionate burden of flood risks


Socially vulnerable groups are at greater risk from climate-change-caused flooding because of systemic disadvantages, according to a new study.

The study also reveals that neighbourhood-level racial or ethnic, economic, social, and demographic factors play a significant explanatory role in the distribution of flood risk across Canadian neighbourhoods.

The study led by Liton Chakraborty, a researcher at the University of Waterloo’s Partners for Action, in collaboration with other Waterloo researchers, found that traditionally-recognized socially vulnerable groups in Canada, such as females, persons living alone, Indigenous, South Asians, the elderly (age 65 and over), other visible minorities, and economically insecure residents bear a disproportionate burden of inland and coastal flood risks.

“This research fills the gap of analyzing and addressing flood-related socio-economic discriminations while considering divisibility aspects of flood hazards and contributes to the emergent and quantitative environmental justice literature on flood-related socio-economic disparities,” Chakraborty said.

The study utilized national datasets of flood hazards, residential address points, census of population, and census tract (CT)-level cartographic boundaries to determine flood vulnerable neighbourhoods and the number of residential properties exposed to river, periodic rainfalls, and coastal flooding across 4,458 CTs in Canada.

By examining whether the types of flood hazard zones influence the observed relationships among flood exposure and racial, ethnic, and other socio-demographic characteristics of Canadian residents, the study indicates that the statistical associations between periodic rainfalls-related flood risk exposure and the proportion of Black, Indigenous and other visible minority populations are positive and significant.

“Our research shows how the spatially varying distribution of flood hazards and socio-economic deprivation, or social vulnerability indicators could inform Canada’s equitable flood management approach that complements Federal Government’s Gender-based Analysis Plus priorities in flood-related disaster and emergency management policies across Canada,” Chakraborty said. “Therefore, the paper’s findings promote a socially just flood risk management approach emphasizing the need to acknowledge socio-economic heterogeneity within various racial, ethnic, and socio-demographic groups.”

The researchers suggest that policymakers must consider the uneven distribution of racial or ethnic and socio-demographic covariates in designing flood risk management strategies that optimize scarce resource allocation.

The study, authored by Waterloo researchers Chakraborty, Horatiu Rus, Daniel Henstra, Jason Thistlethwaite, Andrea Minano, and Daniel Scott, was recently published in the Environmental Research journa.

Communities Across Canada Came Together to Raise More Than $5.7 million in support of McHappy Day®

– With a portion of proceeds from all food and beverage items sold going directly to Ronald McDonald House Charities ® (RMHC ®) and other local children’s charities, Canadians proved doing good can be delicious

– Extended by popular demand, Canadians can still purchase exclusive McDonald’s Canada x Peace Collective collection featuring nostalgic McDonaldland® characters to support RMHC


Canadians from coast to coast to coast united to celebrate the 28th annual McHappy Day®, McDonald’s Canada’s annual fundraising event aimed at raising donations for Ronald McDonald House Charities® (RMHC®) and other local children’s charities.

By purchasing their favourite food and beverage items in-restaurant, at the Drive-Thru, through the McDonald’s app, and through McDelivery® via Uber Eats, Skip the Dishes and DoorDash, to buying nostalgic swag from the McDonald’s Canada x Peace Collective collection, Canadians stepped up to help raise more than $5.7 million to support families with sick children across Canada.

On Wednesday, McDonald’s celebrated its 28th McHappy Day in Canada, raising more than $5.7 million. Representatives from McDonald’s Canada and RMHC Canada are joined by the Ford Family, who spent 84 nights at a Ronald McDonald House while their son Tristan was being treated for Griscelli syndrome.

To help get Canadians into the McHappy Day spirit, two of Canada’s most notable landmarks, Niagara Falls and the CN Tower were lit up with McDonald’s red and yellow to commemorate the day!

“The results from McHappy Day are amazing, and we’re pleased to make a difference in the lives of wonderful families across our communities,” said Alyssa Buetikofer, Chief Marketing Officer, McDonald’s Restaurants of Canada Limited. “Thank you to our incredible guests, franchisees, restaurant teams, crew and supplier partners for participating in McHappy Day, and helping to make a truly meaningful impact for so many.”

Across the country, one in four Canadians has either stayed at a Ronald McDonald House or knows someone who has, with the organization supporting up to 527 families every night. The money raised from McHappy Day, along with the continuous funds raised throughout the year, will help families with sick children across Canada stay together during treatment, so they can focus on what truly matters – their child’s health.

“My family and I are incredibly thankful for RMHC Alberta for supporting us for over 200 nights while our baby, Ezra, received urgent care at the Alberta Children’s Hospital,” said the Marfo Family from Lac La Biche, Alberta. “During this difficult time, RMHC allowed us to focus on our child’s health while they took care of everything else. Thank you to everyone across Canada who participated in McHappy Day to help families like ours and so many others.”

While in an average year, RMHC is able to support more than 26,000 families from over 3,400 Canadian communities, the need is still greater than ever. Yearly, up to 45,000 families in Canada¹ are left without the comfort and support of the RMHC House Program®. The funds raised on McHappy Day will help expand the services provided by RMHC, including building new houses for families in need, like in Winnipeg where a new house is set to open its doors to more than double its support for families across Manitoba and Northern Ontario this summer, increasing the number of beds from 14 to 40.

People across the country can continue supporting the good RMHC does all year-round in the following ways: 

  • Extended by popular demand, Canadians can purchase a piece from the limited-edition McDonald’s Canada x Peace Collective collection of tees, sweatshirts and more, featuring iconic McDonaldland® characters. A portion of the proceeds from every sale supports RMHC and families with sick children across Canada. Visit
  • Purchasing Happy Meals and RMHC Cookies, as well as donating through coin box and kiosk donations.
  • Guests can ’Round up for RMHC’ on any order at participating restaurants to support RMHC all year long.
  • Donating to a local Ronald McDonald House® or setting up a monthly donation any time at


  • McHappy Day is McDonald’s Canada’s largest charity-driven program. Since its inception in 1977, McHappy Day has helped RMHC support more than 436,000 families across Canada. 
  • The 16 Ronald McDonald Houses and 17 Ronald McDonald Family Rooms in Canada give families a place to stay together when they have to travel for their sick child’s treatment. 
  • Every day, McDonald’s Restaurants of Canada Limited, our independent franchisees, and guests, support Ronald McDonald House families by purchasing Happy Meals and RMHC Cookies, as well as through coin box and kiosk donations. 
  • To learn more about the services provided by RMHC, visit

About McDonald’s Canada 

In 1967, Canadians welcomed the first McDonald’s restaurant to Richmond, British Columbia. Today, McDonald’s Restaurants of Canada Limited has become part of the Canadian fabric, serving close to three million guests every day. In both franchised and corporate-owned restaurants, nearly 100,000 people are employed from coast-to-coast, and more than 90 per cent of McDonald’s 1,400 Canadian restaurants are locally owned and operated by independent franchisees. Of the almost $1 billion spent on food, more than 85 per cent is purchased from suppliers in Canada. For more information on McDonald’s Canada, visit 


About Ronald McDonald House Charities® Canada (RMHC® CANADA) 

In Canada, 65 per cent of families live outside a city with a children’s hospital and must travel for treatment if their child is seriously ill. In an average year, the RMHC network of programs in Canada helps to keep more than 26,000 families close to their sick child and the care they need. The 16 Ronald McDonald Houses provide out-of-town families with a home to stay at while their child is being treated at a nearby hospital, while the 17 Ronald McDonald Family Rooms provide a comfortable place for families to rest and recharge, right inside hospitals. For more information, please visit 


For more information: Corporate Relations, McDonald’s Canada

¹ Estimated need using Canadian Institute for Health Information Discharge Abstract Database (DAD) and NACRS data. 2018.

Fishing communities

 Fisheries and Aquaculture Sector in the country provides livelihood support to a total 28 million fishers. Out of these, 2.78 million fishers are full-time actively engaged in fisheries and fisheries related activities. State wise details of total number of people engaged in fisheries, aquaculture and its allied activities are at Annexure –I.

to (d): The Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying is implementing a flagship programme of Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY)- a scheme to bring about Blue Revolution through sustainable and responsible development of fisheries sector with a highest ever investment of Rs. 20,050 crore for a period of 5 years with effect from 2020-21 to 2024-25 in all the States/Union Territories. PMMSY inter-alia provides livelihood and nutritional support for socio-economically backward active traditional fisher’s families during the fishing ban/lean period under which Governmental financial assistance of Rs. 3000/- per annum is provided to each enrolled beneficiary along with beneficiary contribution of Rs. 1500/- annually. Further, such accumulated amount of Rs. 4500/- is disbursed to each enrolled beneficiary by the respective State/UT at the rate of Rs. 1500/- per month during the fishing ban/lean period for three months annually.

Besides, PMMSY, inter-alia, lays special focus on training, skill development, skill up- gradation and capacity building through trainings, awareness building programmes and exposure visits to stakeholders especially fishers, fish farmers, fish workers, fish vendors, entrepreneurs, officials, fisheries Cooperatives and members of Fish Farmer Producer Organizations. The Training, Awareness, Exposure and Capacity Building programmes are carried out through the National Fisheries Development Board, ICAR institutes, Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs), other organisations and State/UT Fisheries Departments. In addition to these regular programmes, skill development programmes to traditional fishermen through Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) programme approved by Agriculture Skill Council of India (ASCI) in respect of marine/ inland capture fisheries are also provided.


Statement referred to in reply of Rajya Sabha Unstarred Question No.2660 put in by Shri Ayodhya Rami Reddy Alla, Honourable Member of Parliament for answer on 25th March, 2022 regarding ‘Fishing communities’: State-wise details of total number of people engaged in fisheries, aquaculture and its allied activities

Sl. No.

Name of the States/ UTs

Number of people engaged in

fisheries, aquaculture and its allied activities


Andhra Pradesh



Arunachal Pradesh





















Himachal Pradesh












Madhya Pradesh






























Tamil Nadu












Uttar Pradesh



West Bengal



A and N Islands






Daman & Diu and Dadra

Nagar Haveli






Jammu & Kashmir











All India total


This information was given by Union Minister for Fisheries, Animal Husbandry & Dairying, Shri Parshottam Rupala in a written reply in Rajya Sabha today.



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Giving Back to Communities With McDonald’s Orders

All year, McDonald’s customers around the world have been generously donating to causes in their communities. As more customers order McDonald‘s food through digital channels, like our app or self-order kiosks, our markets have worked hard to make giving back easy and impactful – no matter how you place your order. Here are a few examples of what this looks like:

  • In the UK, McDonald’s customers, crew and franchisees recently helped raise £1.2 million for vital youth services for BBC Children in Need, one of the country’s biggest children’s charities. For six weeks in fall 2021, customers were able to donate to BBC Children in Need at self-order kiosks and through the MyMcDonald’s app as well as during in-restaurant fundraising events.

  • In the U.S., more than $25 million has been raised since 2019 for Ronald McDonald House Charities through the Round-Up for RMHC program, which gives McDonald’s customers the opportunity to round-up their purchase order subtotal (plus tax) to the nearest whole dollar, 365 days a year. Customers can round-up when they order at the self-order kiosk, the Drive Thru or the front counter.

  • In Spain, we joined forces with a local Spanish non-governmental organization to support families displaced by the Cumbre Vieja volcano in La Palma, Spain. The volcano has been erupting since September 2021, and thousands of people have been forced to evacuate their homes. Between October 1 and October 15, McDonald’s customers were able to participate in a donation campaign for the displaced families when they ordered at McDonald’s self-order kiosks. McDonald’s matched each euro a customer donated and ultimately raised €65,000.

  • In Belgium, from July 23 to August 20, McDonald’s customers were able to donate to the Red Cross when they placed their orders at self-order kiosks. The donations were directed toward victims of recent flooding in Europe. To kick-start this effort, McDonald’s Belgium donated €10,000, and generously, franchisees in Belgium pledged to match each customer contribution. In total, the efforts raised €82,800 for the Red Cross.

The next time you place an order at McDonald’s, look out for an opportunity to give back to your community. We’re committed to caring for our neighbors and using our digital channels to help us accomplish this. Together, we can make a big difference both during this season of giving, and all year long.