Functional Requirements for 3 New Standards Published

 The international, non-profit, unaffiliated Moving Picture, Audio and Data Coding by Artificial Intelligence (MPAI) standards developing organisation has concluded its 21st General Assembly. Among the outcomes is the approval of three Use Cases and Functional Requirements documents for AI Framework V2, Multimodal Conversation V2 and Neural Network Watermarking V1.

This milestone is important because MPAI Principal Members intending to participate in the development of the standards can develop the Framework Licences of the three planned standards. The Framework Licence has been devised by MPAI to facilitate the practical availability of approved standards (see here for an example). It is a licence without critical data such as cost, dates, rates etc. MPAI is now drafting the Calls for Technologies for the 3 standards and plans to adopt and publish them on 2022/07/19, the 2nd anniversary of the launch of the MPAI project.

AI Framework (MPAI-AIF ) V1 specifies an infrastructure enabling the execution of implementations and access to the MPAI Store. V2 will add security support to the framework and is the next step following today’s release of the MPAI-AIF V1 Reference Software (

Multimodal Conversation (MPAI-MMC V1 Enables human-machine conversation emulating human-human conversation. V2 will specify technologies supporting 5 new use cases:

1) Personal Status Extraction: provides an estimate of the Personal Status (PS) – of a human or an avatar – conveyed by Text, Speech, Face, and Gesture. PS is the ensemble of information internal to a person, including Emotion, Cognitive State, and Attitude.

2) Personal Status Display: generates an avatar from Text and PS that utters speech with the intended PS while the face and gesture show the intended PS.

3) Conversation About a Scene: a human holds a conversation with a machine about objects in a scene. While conversing, the human points their fingers to indicate their interest in a particular object. The machine is helped by the understanding of the human’s PS.

4) Human-Connected Autonomous Vehicle (CAV) Interaction: a group of humans converse with a CAV which understands the utterances and the PSs of the humans it converses with and manifests itself as the output of a Personal Status Display.

5) Avatar-Based Videoconference: avatars representing humans with a high degree of accuracy participate in a videoconference. A virtual secretary (VS) represented as an avatar displaying PS creates an online summary of the meeting with a quality enhanced by the virtual secretary’s ability to understand the PS of the avatar it converses with.

Neural Network Watermarking (MPAI-NNW will provide the means to measure, for a given size of the watermarking payload, the ability of 1) the watermark inserter to inject a payload without deteriorating the NN performance, 2) the watermark detector to recognise the presence and the watermark decoder to successfully retrieve the payload of the inserted watermark, 3) the watermark inserter to inject a payload and the watermark detector/decoder to detect/decode a payload from a watermarked model or from any of its inferences at a measured computational cost.

MPAI will hold four online presentations of the documents on the following dates:

1) AI Framework V2 (MPAI-AIF) on 2022/07/11T15:00UTC. Register on

2) Multimodal Conversation V2 (MPAI-MMC) 2022/07/07T14:00UTC.

3) Multimodal Conversation V2 (MPAI-MMC) 2022/07/12T14:00UTC. Register on

4) Neural Network Watermarking (MPAI-NNW) 2022/07/12T15:00UTC. Register on

MPAI-MMC will be presented in two sessions because of the number and scope of the use cases and of the supporting technologies.

Those intending to attend a presentation event are invited to register at the link above.

MPAI develops data coding standards for applications that have AI as the core enabling technology. Any legal entity supporting the MPAI mission may join MPAI (, if able to contribute to the development of standards for the efficient use of data.

So far, MPAI has developed 5 standards (see the list below), is currently engaged in extending two approved standards and is developing other 9.

AI Framework (approved). Acronym: MPAI-AIF

– link:

Context-based Audio Enhancement (developed). Acronym: MPAI-CAE


Compression and Understanding of Industrial Data (developed). Acronym: MPAI-CUI

– link:

Governance of the MPAI Ecosystem (developed). Acronym: MPAI-GME


Multimodal Conversation (approved). Acronym: MPAI-MMC


Server-based Predictive Multiplayer Gaming (in development). Acronym: MPAI-SPG


AI-Enhanced Video Coding (in development). Acronym: MPAI-EVC


End-to-End Video Coding (in development). Acronym: MPAI-EEV


Connected Autonomous Vehicles (in development). Acronym: MPAI-CAV


Avatar Representation and Animation (in development). Acronym: MPAI-ARA


Neural Network Watermarking (in development). Acronym: MPAI-NNW


Integrative Genomic/Sensor Analysis (in development). Acronym: MPAI-GSA


Mixed-reality Collaborative Spaces (in development). Acronym: MPAI-MCS


Visual Object and Scene Description (in development). Acronym: MPAI-OSD


Visit the MPAI web site (, contact the MPAI secretariat ( for specific information, subscribe to the MPAI Newsletter and follow MPAI on social media:

– LinkedIn (

– Twitter (

– Facebook ( ,

– Instagram (

– YouTube (

Most important: join MPAI (, share the fun, build the future.


Leonardo Chiariglione




  • Technology

Hong Kong – Some functional constituency electors received incorrect English translation of electoral letter

Some functional constituency electors received incorrect English translation of electoral letter


     The Government spokesman said today (December 14) that, a small number of functional constituency electors had received electoral mails from the Government and found the English translation of the electoral letter did not belong to their corresponding functional constituency.


     Initial investigation revealed that when preparing the delivery of electoral mails, the contractor hired by the Government mistakenly inserted the English translation  of the letter (with an estimation of less than 200) which did not belong to the corresponding functional constituency into the mails. The Chinese letters are all found in order. 


     Arrangement is being made to send the correct English version of the letter to affected electors as soon as possible.


     The Government offered apologies to electors concerned for the inconvenience caused.


     The Government reiterates that information about the election is available on the election website ( For enquiries, please call the election hotline (2891 1001).

Hong Kong – Functional constituency/Election Committee constituency electors’ eligibility to vote

Functional constituency/Election Committee constituency electors’ eligibility to vote


     The seventh Legislative Council General Election will be held on December 19. The Legislative Council Ordinance (LCO) (Cap. 542) specifies the situations under which electors for functional constituencies (FCs) and members of the Election Committee (EC) are disqualified from voting at an election. In accordance with section 53(1)(b) of the LCO, a registered FC elector in the final register is disqualified from voting at an election of the FC if he or she has ceased to be eligible to be registered as an elector in that constituency. Meanwhile, in accordance with section 53(3A) of the LCO, a member of the Election Committee (EC) is disqualified from voting at an election for the EC constituency (ECC) if the member falls within any paragraph of section 26 of the Chief Executive Election Ordinance (Cap. 569), e.g. he or she has ceased to have a substantial connection with the subsector concerned, he or she has ceased to be registered or eligible to be registered as an elector for a geographical constituency, or he or she has resigned as a member of the EC. 

     “In line with the arrangement in previous Legislative Council Election years, after the publication of the final register of electors, if the Registration and Electoral Office (REO) receives updated membership and licensee information from the relevant umbrella organisations and licensing authorities that there are changes to certain individual and body electors’ registration qualifications which render them no longer eligible to vote in the relevant constituency, the REO will issue letters to the electors concerned and remind them that they may be disqualified from voting in the relevant constituency, and as such they should not vote in the relevant constituency at the Legislative Council General Election to be held on December 19, or else they may contravene the Elections (Corrupt and Illegal Conduct) Ordinance (Cap. 554),” a spokesman for the REO said today (November 26).

     If the electors who have received such letters nonetheless consider that they are still eligible to register in the relevant FC/the ECC, they could provide the REO with relevant documentary proof and information in accordance with the letters’ directions and deadline so that the REO may follow up. If such documentary proof and information has been verified to show that the electors are still eligible to be registered in the relevant constituency, the electors may then vote in the seventh Legislative Council General Election to be held on December 19.