A Framework for Optimized, Integrated Lunar Infrastructure

DARPA study to identify risks, commercial solutions over coming decade to enable future lunar economy


Anticipating a burgeoning cislunar and lunar economy of scientific research and commercial development in the coming decade, DARPA is soliciting innovative and revolutionary technical approaches to chart a vision and path toward an optimized and integrated lunar infrastructure for peaceful U.S. and international use.

The 10-Year Lunar Architecture (LunA-10) capability study aims to rapidly develop foundational technology concepts that move away from individual scientific efforts within isolated, self-sufficient systems, toward a series of shareable, scalable systems that interoperate minimizing lunar footprint and creating monetizable services for future lunar users. The seven-month study will include both lunar providers and users. It will seek to establish an analytical framework that defines new opportunities for rapid scientific and commercial activity on and around the Moon through collective infrastructure investments, and also identifies related technical challenges. DARPA anticipates making final analytical frameworks for lunar infrastructure available to the public.

A large paradigm shift is coming in the next 10 years for the lunar economy, said Dr. Michael Orbit Nayak, program manager in DARPAs Strategic Technology Office. To get to a turning point faster, LunA-10 uniquely aims to identify solutions that can enable multi-mission lunar systems imagine a wireless power station that can also provide comms and navigation in its beam. For 65 years, DARPA has pioneered and de-risked technologies vital to civil space advancement from the rocket technology in the Saturn V that took humans to the Moon for the first time, to the recent DARPA-NASA partnership to enable faster space travel to the Moon and beyond with a nuclear thermal rocket engine. LunA-10 continues this rich legacy by identifying and accelerating key technologies that may be used by government and the commercial space industry, and ultimately to catalyze economic vibrancy on the Moon.

The studys thrust areas, derived from a subset of key sectors identified in a market analysis of the future lunar economy, include the following (with more details in the solicitation): transit/mobility; energy; communications; and other revolutionary orbital or surface infrastructure concepts.

LunA-10 aims to facilitate the fusing and co-optimization of as many infrastructure sectors as possible, into key nodes that can be scaled up in the future.

Just like DARPAs foundational node of ARPANET grew into the sprawling web of the internet, LunA-10 is looking for those connective nodes to support a thriving commercial economy on the Moon, Nayak said.

LunA-10 aims to select performer companies that have a clear vision and technically rigorous business plan for providing or using one or more lunar services, and then fuel them to work together in a highly collaborative environment where they will design new integrated system-level solutions that span multiple services. Lunar transmission, energy, and communications are likely cornerstones, and the program is soliciting other sectors to create monetizable commercial services on and around the Moon by 2035. This would complement NASAs Moon to Mars Objectives focused on human exploration, science and experimentation on the Moon.

Opportunities for technology maturation are key for development for lunar capabilities in order to meet the objectives of future lunar architectures, said Niki Werkheiser, Director of Technology Maturation in NASAs Space Technology Mission Directorate.

The study will not fund technology construction, transportation to the lunar surface, or integration with lunar delivery vehicles. However, DARPA intends to provide economic expertise to all LunA-10 teams to help analyze and validate definitions of a critical mass to create a thriving, survivable lunar economy. LunA-10 is grounded in the Outer Space Treaty (1967). In accordance with Article IV of the treaty, all developments and involvement by civilian and/or military personnel in this effort pertain to scientific and peaceful purposes.

Three-page abstracts in response to the LunA-10 solicitation are due by Sept. 6, 2023. Respondents whose abstracts are selected will be invited to submit a 10-page white paper and technical presentation by Sept. 25, 2023. Selected white papers will receive an Other Transaction award not to exceed $1,000,000. Selected performers will not be expected to share their intellectual property, but DARPA is seeking those that are willing to collaborate engineering efforts toward models of clustered lunar activity versus individual, commercial ventures. Performers selected for LunA-10 will be announced at the fall meeting of the Lunar Surface Innovation Consortium (LSIC) in October 2023. Performers will openly brief their work to the lunar community at the Spring LSIC meeting in April 2024, and provide a final report in June 2024.

For full details and instructions for submitting an abstract, visit the LunA-10 program solicitation at SAM.gov: sam.gov/opp/54586656144548e598d75adea4d129b7/view.

Need for a new legal framework governing Telecommunication in India

Telecommunication has the potential to unleash the true power of India’s economy, accelerate socio-economic transformation and enable achievement of the vision of an “Aatma Nirbhar Bharat”. Telecommunication is an enabler of digital governance that emphasizes data driven and people-centric delivery of goods and services to citizens and enterprises.

Legal framework for telecommunication in India is governed by Laws which were enacted long before India’s independence. Technology has evolved significantly in the recent decades. To keep pace with emerging technologies, telecommunication legislation has evolved with time in most jurisdictions. These include United States (1996), Australia (1979), United Kingdom (2003), Singapore (1999), South Africa (2000) and Brazil (1997).

Stakeholders have been demanding evolution of legal framework to keep it in tune with changing technology.

            In view of above, Government of India, Ministry of Communications, Department of Telecommunications have prepared a consultation paper on need for a new legal framework in telecom sector. The consultation paper may be accessed at https://dot.gov.in/whatsnew/consultation-paper-need-new-legal-framework-governing-telecommunication-india. On the Consultation Paper, comments of the stake-holders have been invited by the last date 25th August, 2022.


(Release ID: 1845920)
Visitor Counter : 384

Read this release in:


Regulatory framework for Angel Funds to facilitate investments in start-ups

The International Financial Services Centres Authority (IFSCA), in furtherance of its mandate to develop and regulate financial products, financial services and financial institutions in the International Financial Services Centres (IFSC), had notified the IFSCA (Fund Management) Regulations, 2022 in April 2022 enabling the regulatory framework for various activities related to fund management including schemes for investing in early-stage venture capital undertaking (start-ups).

Angel Funds bridge the gap between start-ups and angel investors, who are instrumental in providing mentoring, and resources to the start-ups. In recognition of the same, IFSCA has now issued a framework for Angel funds under the IFSCA (Fund Management) Regulations, 2022. The salient features of the said framework are as under:

  1. A Fund Management Entity (FME) in IFSC will be able to launch Angel Fund by filing a placement memorandum with the Authority under a Green Channel, i.e. the schemes can open for subscription by investors immediately upon filing the placement memorandum with the Authority.
  2. Angel Funds shall accept investments from accredited investors or investors who are willing to commit at least USD 40,000 over 5 years.
  3. Angel Funds are permitted to invest in start-ups as well as other regulated angel schemes in IFSC, India, foreign jurisdictions upon receiving consent from the desirous investors.
  4. While investment(s) by an Angel Fund in a start-up is capped at USD 1,500,000, the Angel fund is permitted to invest in subsequent rounds of fund raising by the start-up in order to protect its shareholding from dilution, subject to certain conditions.

The detailed framework for Angel Funds may be accessed at https://ifsca.gov.in/Circular



(Release ID: 1838632)
Visitor Counter : 633

Hong Kong – Regulatory framework for Advanced Therapy Products to commence on August 1

Regulatory framework for Advanced Therapy Products to commence on August 1


     The Department of Health (DH) today (June 25) said that all provisions of the Pharmacy and Poisons (Amendment) Ordinance 2020 (the Amendment Ordinance) to introduce a regulatory framework for Advanced Therapy Products (ATPs) will come into operation on August 1 this year.

     The Amendment Ordinance introduces a clear regulatory framework for ATPs, which cover gene therapy products, somatic cell therapy products and tissue engineered products, in order to safeguard public health and facilitate the development of ATPs. After the Amendment Ordinance comes into operation, ATPs will form a specific subset of pharmaceutical products under the Pharmacy and Poisons Ordinance (Cap. 138). As such, requirements governing pharmaceutical products under Cap. 138 and other relevant ordinances will apply to ATPs. These include registration prior to marketing, obtaining prior approval for conducting clinical trials, licensing of manufacturers and distributors, and import/export control. Furthermore, there will be additional requirements on labelling and record keeping specific to ATPs to enhance traceability of the products.

     To enable stakeholders to have a better understanding of the enhanced regulatory framework for ATPs, the Pharmacy and Poisons Board of Hong Kong has prepared guidance documents relevant to ATPs. In addition, the Board published in the Gazette today the following new editions of Codes of Practice (COPs), which will take effect on August 1 this year:

* Code of Practice for Holder of Wholesale Dealer Licence (2021);
* Code of Practice for Licensed Manufacturers and Registered Authorized Persons 2021;
* Code of Practice for Listed Seller of Poisons (2021); and
* Code of Practice for Authorized Seller of Poisons (2021).

     The Amendment Ordinance, regulatory information and guidance documents relating to ATPs, and the new editions of COPs are available on the dedicated website of the Drug Office of the DH (www.drugoffice.gov.hk/eps/do/en/pharmaceutical_trade/atp_regulation.html) and the website of the Board (www.ppbhk.org.hk/eng/regulation_of_atp.html).