The total number of steel based industries in the country in 2018-19 stood at 1217. State-wise details of existing steel industries are given at Annexure-I.
Details of import & export of raw steel and steel products during last three years are given below:-
Raw Steel & Steel Products (in million tonnes)
Chapter 72 & 73
Source: Department of Commerce
The production of iron ore in the country is sufficient to meet the current demand/consumption by domestic steel industry. However, the entire demand of coking coal is not met from the domestic production as the supply of coking coal in the country is limited and thus no option is left but to resort to import of coking coal.
The supply of iron ore during last year i.e. 2018-19 was 207.7 MT against its demand of 189 MT. During 2018-19 the total demand of coking coal for steel industry was 58.37 MT. Out of this 51.83 MT (excluding PCI & Anthracite Coal) were met through imports and 1.6 MT was provided by Bharat Coking Coal Limited (BCCL) and Coal India Limited (CIL) and remaining was catered by Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL) and TATA Steel.
State-Wise details of steel plants (steel-based industries only of steel sector) functioning in the country during 2018-19
DADRA AND NAGAR HAVELI
JAMMU AND KASHMIR
Source: Joint Plant Committee (JPC)