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Area, production and productivity of Bt. cotton has increased steadily since its introduction in India, barring minor fluctuation in few years. Details of year-wise area under cotton, Bt. cotton, production and yield of cotton during 2002-03 to 2019-20 is below:

 

Years

Area under cotton*   

(in lakh hectare)

Area under Bt. cotton**

 (in lakh hectare)

Production

(in lakh bales)

Yield                ( kg per hectare)

2002-03

86.24

0.29

86.21

191

2003-04

75.98

0.92

137.28

307

2004-05

87.87

4.85

164.29

318

2005-06

86.78

12.34

184.99

362

2006-07

91.44

33.53

226.32

421

2007-08

94.14

54.72

258.84

467

2008-09

90.07

66.69

222.76

403

2009-10

101.32

85.52

240.22

403

2010-11

111.23

96.32

330.00

499

2011-12

121.78

107.58

352.00

491

2012-13

119.77

105.43

342.20

486

2013-14

119.60

110.35

359.02

510

2014-15

128.19

119.40

348.05

462

2015-16

122.92

106.83

300.05

415

2016-17

108.28

89.43

325.77

511

2017-18

124.29

110.76

328.05

477

2018-19

126.58

117.81

287.08

386

2019-20***

125.84

117.47

322.67

436

*Source: Directorate of Economics and Statistics

**Source: DAC&FW, State Govenmentsand  Directorate of Cotton Development, Nagpur

***First Advancement Estimate (Directorate of Economics and Statistics)

 

Most of the countries are signatory to the Cartagena Protocol on Bio-safety which has well defined mechanism of regulation of Genetically Modified (GM) crops including bio-safety evaluation and environmental release. Further, acceptance of GM crops has increased at global level and area under GM crops increased from 1.7 Million hectare in 1996 to 191.7 Million hectares in 2018.

The aim of Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare (DAC&FW) is to achieve the goal of food security and nutritional requirements for a growing population by using best available technology and scientific inputs that are beneficial to farmers and safe for environment & human health.

Bt. cotton is the only GM crop approved by the Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee (GEAC) in 2002 for commercial cultivation in the country. Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change informed that they have received feedback from multiple stakeholders for and against release of GM brinjal and GM mustard. The feedback was suitably considered by the GEAC, which has advised additional studies to be conducted for assessment of impact on environment and health.