The fourth industrial revolution, also termed as Industry 4.0, has swiftly acquired the global market with the emerging and continuously growing technologies namely Artificial Intelligence (AI), Virtual Reality (VR), and other Internet of Things (IoT) based technologies.
Industry 4.0 is assimilating more and more sensors, machines, and other operations in order to connect with internet and cloud platforms. The fast technology will help the industry in lowering costs and increasing productivity which will, in turn, lead to a swift development in the products and services offered by businesses and manufacturers. Furthermore, the link of robotics and automation also directs the boost in the demand of machine-based, machine-to-machine, and machine-to-network technologies.
Industry 4.0 has brought a substantial change in the global market by overhauling and shaping the technology, Mechatronics and Robotics have contributed immensely to this evolution.
What is Mechatronics and Robotics?
Mechatronics is a broad discipline that emerges primarily from the fusion of mechanical and electronics engineering, while also borrowing from electrical, control system, telecommunication and computer science engineering. Robotics, on the other hand, is a sub-discipline of technology which deals in design, construction, operation, and application of the robots. Robotics has progressively become a key tool to offer cutting-edge technology worldwide. It has become a crucial link to the Industry 4.0 as the need of smart machines, dedicated and digital systems, and autonomous robots increased quickly.
Challenges faced by India
With significant advancements in technology, the scientists have come up with robots that are programmed to take decisions autonomously. Hence, entrepreneurship and employment opportunities in the robotic industry are flourishing for the technology enthusiasts who wish to enter in this exciting sector.
But the question remains – Is India backed up with enough skilled and upgraded manpower to establish itself in the environment of constantly evolving technology? Apart from the financial constraints, developing India’s workforce into the most advanced one, still remains to be a tough challenge. A substantial step should be taken to meet the global industry requirements.
Steps taken by Government
For becoming ready for this significant transition, acquiring and retaining quality talent is the first step. Indian government has also understood that speed, and accuracy are the skills that create wonders.
Various schemes and associations have been launched by the Government to ensure smooth development of skills. Skilling and upskilling will facilitate human capital creation which in turn, will increase economic activities creating job opportunities. Automotive Skills Development Council (ASDC) is one such government recognised sector skill council that allows the technicians to learn and upgrade their skills as per the current infrastructure to meet new technological challenges.
Ultimately, the blend of mechatronics and robotics has led to transformation of the global industry as a whole. From ensuring greater efficiency to bringing change in the working methods, the industry 4.0 has initiated a paradigm shift in the entire global market. Quite soon, India will be leading the world in Industry 4.