Satellite backhaul means getting data of program from one location which has to be further distributed over large network. For example, a live television program has to be telecast from Germany throughout the world and the program has to be further distributed through the satellite terminals. The program signals have to be backhauled by some means of network (optical fiber or by other satellite system) and hence Satellite backhaul enables to get non-live video and audio files which are broadcasted.
The mobile industry has played an important role in cellular backhaul market through satellite. Mobile technology has been advancing at a phenomenal rate. Nowadays mobile devices are the primary way to access the internet by an individual. For the mobile operators, the key challenge is to fetch some innovative technologies to backhaul voice and data traffic. With the increasing data traffic challenges, 3G and 4G technologies are deployed for the competences of existing backhaul network and this trend is expected to surge in years to come. In urban areas, many different technologies are being implemented to deal with expanding demand including the use of metro Ethernet network, microwave network and fiber optics. However, it is difficult to implement these services in rural areas due to high cost associated with the backhaul technology (fiber and microwave).
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Applications such as YouTube, WhatsApp, twitter and many other popular live streaming and online surfing apps are driving the bandwidth demand. This demand gives an opportunity for the various transmission service providers to bring innovative technology to the market. The emergency communication cells over the satellite are being developed by the satellite backhaul service providers and these emergency communication cells are predominantly implemented in only those locations which have significant cellular connectivity. These type of solutions are usually owned and operated by cellular operators where mobile cell towers are connected with satellite backhaul solution. Asia Pacific (APAC) region currently leads the satellite backhaul market due to emerging economies such as China and India and need for connectivity among the masses. Further Europe and Middle East and Africa (MEA) regions are expected to witness modest growth in satellite backhaul technology due to the diversity in government’s economic performance and existing infrastructure which includes combination of optical fibers and microwave networks.
The market is segmented by type of transmission medium, backhaul technology and geography. Transmission medium segmentation includes wired and wireless. Segmentation based on type of backhaul technology includes fiber, copper, microwave and millimeter wave and by geography includes North America, Europe, Middle East and Africa (MEA), Asia Pacific (APAC) and Latin America.
Some of the key players operating in the global satellite backhaul market includes Gilat Satellite Networks Ltd, VT iDirect, Inc., Avanti Communications Group plc., SES S.A., Hughes Network Systems LLC., Intelsat and O3b Networks.
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