An automotive water valve is a pivotal component of the vehicle engine cooling and vehicle heating and ventilation (HVAC) system. This valve is responsible for proper management of liquid or coolant supply to the engine cooling system and HVAC system. The other applications of the water valve includes windshield wiper fluid control and radiator fluid control for commercial vehicles. Automotive water valves are made of either metal or plastic. A typical water valve performs three functions: start/stop, throttle, and non-return.
Rise in vehicle electrification is primarily driving the global automotive water valve market. Increase in electrification boosts the load over the vehicle engine, which in turn demands a proper cooling system. Therefore, a precise and accurate water valve is of high importance for the engine cooling system and HVAC system. The valve being used must be capable to withstand high pressure generated during peak demands. Essential properties of a water valve are resistance to oxidation, chemical stability to withstand variety of coolants, high strength to withstand high pressure, and long lifespan.
Development of lightweight materials, increased demand for vehicle HVAC and engine cooling, and integration of mechanical components with electronic features are expected to offer lucrative opportunities for the automotive water valve market. Asia Pacific and Latin America are witnessing a surge in per capita income, development of road infrastructure, and presence of global vehicle manufacturers. Consequently, demand for vehicles is increasing at a prominent pace across these regions. This is driving the global water valve market at a steady pace.
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The global automotive water valve market can be segmented based on type, material, sales channel, vehicle type, and region. In terms of type, the global automotive water valve market can be classified into three segments. Solenoid water valves are widely being utilized in automobiles for engine cooling and HVAC system. These valves are lightweight and easy to operate. Demand for these valves in the automotive industry is increasing due to their simplicity. Electric valves are generally of two types: always open or always close. These valves are operated by electric motors.