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Paradip Port is an artificial, deep-water port on the East coast of India in Jagatsinghpur district of Odisha. Paradip Port is one of the 12 major ports in India. It is situated at confluence of the Mahanadi River and the Bay of Bengal. Paradip Port is connected via road with Cuttack and Chandikhole, which are two of the major cities in Odisha. Cuttack and Paradip are connected by SH-12 (2 lanes), Cuttack and Chandikhole are connected by NH-5A (4 lanes).

The Port of Paradip is an artificial lagoon type harbour protected by two rubble mound breakwaters and is connected to deep water by a dredged channel. Paradip Port presently handles commodities such as iron ore, thermal coal, coking coal, fertilizers and other break bulk cargo. The port also handles substantial quantities of POL through SBMs and pipelines.

Paradip port Rail network is a part of the East Coast Railway System and is connected to the Hinterland via Cuttack by a broad gauge rail link. Cuttack is around 90 km from Paradip and connects Port to Howrah-Chennai main line. Howrah-Chennai line connects Paradip to Kolkata on the North and Chennai on the South.

Paradip port is having two Eastern and Central dock with 14 Berths. These docks are located at the lee of the Northern Breakwater. The Central Dock has three multipurpose berth .This berth handles petroleum, oil and lubes (POL). The draft at this berth is 13.5 m and handles tankers up to 65,000 DWT with Length Overall (LOA) up to 260 m.

The port has commissioned new oil jetty with 360 m length with dolphin to dolphin facility, located in the southern dock of the harbour. This is a captive jetty commissioned by IOCL for loading of products and unloading of crude oil. Two Unloading Arms for Crude & eight Loading Arms for products are also installed at Jetty top. One crude pipeline, eight product pipelines (Motor Spirit, High Speed Diesel, Naphtha, Dual Purpose Kerosene, Propylene and Propylene vapour) and 3 utilities pipelines are laid from South Oil Jetty to IOCL Paradip Refinery.

The port has railways sidings capable of handling 19 full rake lengths and 11 half rake lengths. The rail terminal consists of 15 yard lines and 25 sidings inside its main terminal. The port has an open and closed wagon handling facility for coal handling (bottom discharge) and wagon tipplers facilities for iron ore handling. However, the existing rail network doesn’t have signaling, so shunting and rail operations are being done manually.

Paradip is one of the largest major ports in the country In terms of volumes, handling more than 70 MTPA of cargo. Paradip is strategically in the mineral rich state of Odisha. Currently the commodities that handled in the port are coal and POL. Roughly 23 MTPA of coal is exported from the port and is coastally shipped to the South and the Western hinterlands of the country. Additionally, the port imports around 16 MTPA of POL primarily to serve the IOCL refineries at Paradip and Haldia.

The South Oil jetty is the captive IOCL jetty is planning to expand storage and handling of LPG by setting up LPG Import Facility. LPG will be imported in VLGCs at South Oil Jetty constructed by IOCL Paradip Refinery where space for putting up Butane / Propane unloading facility is available. Imported Butane / Propane would be transferred to LPG Import Facility through 2 no. underground pipelines. Imported Butane and Propane will be stored in aboveground mounded storage vessels and sent to market as LPG after blending of Butane & Propane.

Paradip Port Trust (PPT) has potential to handle additional cargo volume but it is constrained by the low productivity. The cargo handling capacity of port facilities is based on many factors like the vessel size, fleet mix, equipment provided and the possible handling rates, time required for peripheral activities, capacity of stackyard, number of users, grades, capacity of evacuation system etc. Another factor that is important in arriving at the berth capacity is the allowable Berth occupancy which is expressed as the ratio of the total number of days per year that a berth is occupied by a vessel.

BK Rawat
(Maritime Expert)