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Hydrometer: Introduction

Hydrometers measure the relative density of liquids by incorporating the concept of buoyancy. These hydrometers are typically graduated and calibrated with single or multiple scales, such as specific gravity and API gravity. Usually, a hydrometer features a hollow and sealed glass tube that is wider at the bottom for effective buoyancy, a ballast, such as mercury or lead, for enhanced stability, and a narrow stem with measuring graduations. The liquid that is supposed to be tested is poured into a long graduated cylinder and the hydrometer is lowered into the cylinder gently until it starts floating freely. The point of contact where the liquid surface touches the hydrometer stem can be correlated to the relative density. Hydrometers may contain a number of scales that correspond to the properties correlating to the relative density.

All hydrometers utilize Archimedes’ Principle, which states that an upward buoyant force is automatically exerted on a body that is immersed in a liquid. Whether partially or fully submerged, the force exerted by the liquid on the body equals the weight of liquid displaced by the body. The lower the density of the fluid, the deeper will be the hydrometer sink. The calibrated stem of the hydrometer cylinder gives a numerical reading of the density of the fluid.

Specialized hydrometers are available to measure the density of various liquids. For instance, a saccharometer measures the density of sugar in a liquid and a lactometer measures the density of milk.

Hydrometer Market: Factors Impacting Growth

Advancements and upgrades in the field of instrumentation engineering are expected to facilitate the growth of the global hydrometer market. Availability of specialized hydrometers is also expected to drive the global market. High presence of vendors offering high quality durable hydrometers is also expected to boost the growth of the global market. Companies and governments are making huge investments in the environmental fluid mechanics field. This factor is expected to be the primary driver for the global hydrometer market. High adoption rate of hydrometers in the agriculture industry for sieve analysis is also expected to enable steady growth of the global hydrometer market.

Hydrometer Market: Segmentation

On the basis of scale, the global hydrometer market can be segmented into:

Specific Gravity
API Gravity
Baumé scale
Brix scale
Oechsle scale
Plato scale
Twaddell scale
Modern hydrometers measure the density of a liquid on the specific gravity scale. However, the API gravity scale is utilized by the petroleum industry, Baumé scale by chemical and pharmacology industries and the Brix scale is used in the food and beverage industry. Hydrometers calibrated with the Twaddell scale were formerly used in the dyeing and bleaching industries.

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With regards to specialization, the global market can be segmented into:

Lactometer
Alcoholometer
Saccharometer
Thermohydrometer
Urinometer
Barkometer
Battery hydrometer
Antifreeze tester
Acidometer
Salinometer
As per end use, the global market can be segmented into:

Petroleum
Chemical and Pharmacology
Food and Beverage
Agriculture
Other Industries
Hydrometer Market: Regional Outlook

North America market (U.S; Canada)
Latin America market (Mexico, Brazil, Rest of Latin America
Western Europe market (Germany, France, U.K., Spain, Italy, Nordic, Benelux, Rest of Western Europe)
Eastern Europe market (Poland, Russia, Rest of Eastern Europe)
SEA and other Asia Pacific countries market (India, Indonesia, Oceania, Singapore, Philippines, Malaysia, Thailand, Rest of SEA and other Asia Pacific countries)
Japan market
China market
Middle East and Africa market (GCC Countries, Turkey, North Africa, South Africa, Rest of MEA)
Hydrometer Market: Key Players

Some of the major players operating in the hydrometer market include Dynalab Corporation; Cole-Parmer Instrument Company, LLC; APT Instruments; Dual Manufacturing Co., Inc.; Koehler Instrument Company, Inc.; Terriss Consolidated Industries, Inc.; and Density Analytics, LLC, among others.

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The market report covers exhaustive analysis on:

Market Segments
Historical Actual Market Size, 2012 – 2016
Market Size & Forecast 2017 to 2027
Supply & Demand Value Chain
Market Current Trends/Issues/Challenges
Competition & Companies involved
Technology
Value Chain
Market Drivers and Restraints
Market Report Highlights

Detailed overview of parent market
Changing market dynamics of the industry
In-depth market segmentation
Historical, current and projected market size in terms of value
Recent industry trends and developments
Competitive landscape
Strategies of key players and product offerings
Potential and niche segments/regions exhibiting promising growth
A neutral perspective towards market performance
Must-have information for market players to sustain and enhance their market footprint