The ailerons are a part of an aircraft wing and are fitted at the trailing edge of both wings of a fixed wing aircraft. The mechanical parts of an aircraft i.e. the ailerons allows the aircraft to tilt or move sideways, which is known as aircraft banking or rolling. The ailerons comes in a pair and are interconnected by a mechanical cable, pulleys, and push pull tubes between the wings of the aircraft, so that the aircraft can tilt or roll on its longitudinal axis smoothly.
When one aileron moves upwards the other automatically moves downwards, causing the aircraft to tilt or roll on the downward moving aileron side by increasing the lift on the same side. In most of the aircrafts, the ailerons are fitted on the wing tip but in some aircrafts they are also fitted at the wing root.
The aircraft ailerons market is majorly driven by the invention of fly-by-wire technology, and reduction in weight of the ailerons fitted on the wings. The fly-by-wire technology helps the aircraft’s flight control surfaces to be automatic, with which the commands of the pilot are directly transmitted electronically to the flight control surfaces through a network of actuators on the tail and wings of the aircraft. The fly-by-wire technology offers enhanced aircraft operations during extreme turbulent situations and also impacted greatly on the aircraft stability.
Moreover, the usage of composites to manufacture ailerons are also projected to boost the market for aircraft ailerons market as it helps in weight reduction to a great extent. Composite ailerons are relatively lighter in weight than the metallic material which increases the weight of the wings, thus having a negative impact while rolling or banking. The usage of composites offers the pilot an opportunity to roll or bank the aircraft smoothly due to the reduced weight on the wings.
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The advent of fly-by-wire technology has impacted greatly on the market for aircraft ailerons due to their advantages, however, the aircraft ailerons market has limitations. The latest aircrafts are equipped with the fly-by-wire technology for the smooth rolling or banking advantage, but on the older aircrafts the flight control surfaces are still handled hydraulically and incorporating fly-by-wire technology in these older aircrafts are tough due to their complex mechanisms. This factor is limiting the market for aircraft ailerons to grow in future as the aircrafts in commercial airlines or the air forces across the globe are not replaced with the advent of new technology.
The major factor augmented to the growth of the market is the use of multiple ailerons on the aircraft. The increasing concerns for the smooth aircraft operation has increased the interest for automated flight control surfaces. This is attributed to the fact that multiple ailerons employed along with the fly-by-wire technology to the flex aircraft wings will enable less loading on the wing when the aircraft encounters extreme turbulence.
The market for aircraft ailerons is segmented on the basis of aircraft types, types of wings, end users and geography. The different aircraft types considered in the aircraft ailerons market are narrow body aircrafts, wide body aircrafts, and large body aircrafts. Based on types of aircraft wings, the market for aircraft ailerons are segmented as high wings, low wing and mid wing. The end users of the aircraft ailerons market is bifurcated as commercial aircrafts and defense aircrafts. Geographically, the market for aircraft ailerons is categorized as North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Middle East and Africa, and Latin America.
The industry leaders in the market for aircraft ailerons are Asian Composites Manufacturing (Malaysia), Airbus S.A. (France), Saab AB (Sweden), Strata Manufacturing (UAE) , Turkish Aerospace Industries (Turkey), TATA Advanced Systems (India), ShinMaywa Industries (Japan), Sealand AviationLtd. (Canada), Bombardier (U.K), Embraer S.A. (Brazil).