In India about 18 percent of population living in the 72 coastal districts, comprising 12 percent of India’s mainland, the 7500 km long coastline of India has the potential to become an engine of growth for the whole country. However, the pace of socio-economic development among the maritime states has not been uniform in terms of per capita income, poverty reduction and infrastructure development. Development of coastal communities through Marine sector related activities like fisheries, maritime tourism and corresponding skill development is an essential objective of the Sagarmala Programme.
The goal of coastal community development (CCD) is reduction in poverty and enhanced, sustainable and replicable economic growth among the active poor in coastal and small island communities. The development of the communities is highly concentrated to increased household incomes for families involved in fisheries and marine activities in poor coastal and small island communities. The areas of coastal development are following:
1) Community Empowerment, Development and Resource Management.
2) District Support for Marine-Based Economic Development, with two Sub-Components: District-Level Investment and Capacity Building; and Market and Value Chain Support.
3) Project Management.
The development and modernization of ports, envisaged as a part of sagarmala, will be a key driver for the socio-economic development of the coastal regions.
The marine fisheries sub-sector, is a vital for the coastal districts. A sustainable fishing strategy to be implemented which is tailored for each local community.
Sustainable inclusive growth is an integral part which emphasis on economic development, nurturing communities as well as preserving the ecological balance. Therefore, there is a need for holistic and sustainable development of coastal communities, especially fisherman population.
Under Sagarmala, modernization of existing ports, enhancement of connectivity of coastal areas, port-led industrialization and development of infrastructure for fisheries will be the key drivers for socio-economic development of coastal community. Structural changes in a community, including use of resources and the function of institutions Increased more opportunities such as jobs, income, buildings, and city parks etc these initiatives are expected to generate job opportunity of about 60 Lakh direct and 40 lakh indirect jobs. Growth and development can occur simultaneously or independently of one another.
Modernization of existing ports, enhancement of connectivity of coastal areas, port-led industrialization and development of infrastructure for fisheries will be the key drivers for socio-economic development of coastal community. Ports can be engines of sustainable development for coastal communities and could provide direct and indirect benefits to the coastal region. Port in coastal economic zones is the driver of growth it’s give opportunity of jobs and business revenue directly generated by port activity.
In this regard, the Ministry of Shipping is undertaking a skill gap analysis in 23 coastal districts in phase one to understand the demand-supply gap in these districts with special emphasis on skill requirements in the ports & maritime Sector. To provide skilling for port & port user community, the Ministry will organize cutting-edge skill training in ports & maritime sector and is evaluating the proposal for setting up of Multi-Skill Development Centers linked to Major Ports.
The Ministry will provide funding grants, under Sagarmala, for capacity building, infrastructure, and social development projects related to coastal communities and is also promoting coastal tourism for providing more livelihood opportunities for coastal communities by developing lighthouses as tourist destinations and promoting cruise tourism in India.